24th September 2017

A Glance at the Political History of the Lion Mountain aka Sierra Leone  

By a Press Release (03/03/17)

Sierra Leone has a rich political history and the ups and downs over the years have not helped citizens of this great West African country.

In 1462 Pedro da Cintra, a Portuguese explorer discovered Sierra Lyoa, meaning the Lion Mountain in Portuguese. On 1st January, 1808 Sierra Leone became a British crown colony and the colony was named the white man's grave. One hundred and fifty-three white men died of malaria. (Pictured: Iconic photo L-R Albert Margai, Milton Margai and Siaka Stevens).

If you minus 1808 from 1961 you will have one hundred and fifty-three years (153). So our forefathers were enslaved by the British for one hundred and fifty-three years (153). The Maroon Church at Siaka Stevens Street was built in 1808. On 8th August, 1816 King George the fifth purchased the said land at Kroo Town Road/Kroo Bay from Saunders Brook to Alligator River from Elli Akim and gave it to the Kroo Tribes Men as a gift. 

In 1910 the Law Court building at Siaka Stevens Street was built. In 1914 the Pademba Road Prisons was built by Governor Mayweather. In 1920 the first motor vehicle was seen in Sierra Leone. In 1930 diamond was discovered in Kono. 

The Sierra Leone People's Party was founded on Friday 27th April, 1951. The All People's Congress party was founded on Sunday 11th September, 1960. On Thursday 27th April, 1961 Sierra Leone gained her independence and her first Prime Minister was Sir Milton Margai. In 1964 Sir Milton Margai passed away and his younger brother Sir Albert Margai assumed the office of the Prime Minister and he became the second Prime Minister of Sierra Leone. 

Sir Albert Margai changed the British West African pounds sterling currency to Leones. In November, 1964 Siaka Probyn Stevens became Mayor of the Freetown municipality under the ticket of the All People's Congress Party (APC). In 1965 journalist Isaac Theophilus Akuna Wallace-Johnson (I.T.A Wallace-Johnson) died in Ghana. 

In 1967 Sir Albert Margai attempted a one party State but failed. On 23rd March, 1967 General Elections Siaka Probyn Stevens won the election and was overthrown by Brigadier Lansana. 

In 1968 Siaka Probyn Stevens was reinstated and sworn in as the third Prime Minister of Sierra Leone. On 19th April, 1971 Sierra Leone became a Republic State and Siaka Probyn Stevens became the first executive President of Sierra Leone. 

In 1978 we had a one party State legislated in Parliament by the All People's Congress Party (APC). In 1980 Sierra Leone hosted the Organisation of African Unity OAU. In 1985 Siaka Probyn Stevens the longest serving leader handed over the batton of leadership to Major General Joseph Saidu Momoh. 

In 1987 Vice President Francis Minah and others were tried in the court of law for an alleged coup and the court ruling was death penalty by hanging. So they were executed by law. 

On Saturday 23rd March, 1991 in Kailahun the first gunshot by the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) was heard. RUF was led by Foday Saybana Sankoh.

On Wednesday 29th April, 1992 the All People's Congress party lead government headed by Major General Joseph Saidu Momoh was overthrown by the National Provisional Ruling Council (NPRC) headed by Captain Valentine Esegrabo Melvin Strasser. 

In 1992 Inspector General of police Bambay Kamara and others were extra judiciously executed by the National Provisional Ruling Council (NPRC). In 1996 Captain Valentine Esegrabo Melvin Strasser was overthrown by his Deputy Captain Julius Madaa Bio and we had the National Provisional Ruling Council two. 

In February, 1996 we had a general elections and President Ahmed Tejan Kabbah of the Sierra Leone People's Party emerged victorious. On Sunday 25th May, 1997 the Sierra Leone People's Party led government headed by Ahmed Tejan Kabbah was overthrown by the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC) headed by Major Johnny Paul Koroma. 

On Monday 18th August, 1997 students of various Colleges/Universities demonstrated against the illegitimate government of the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC). Some students were reportedly killed. 

In May, 1998 President Tejan Kabba was reinstated by the Nigeria led ECOMOG troops. On Wednesday 6th January, 1999 Freetown was invaded by disgruntled army officers called the Westside Boys. Many civilians were massacred. 

On Monday 8th May, 2000 unarmed Sierra Leoneans went to the leader of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) Foday Sankoh's residence on a peaceful demonstration organised by some civil Society Organisations. Twenty-two (22) peaceful demonstrators were killed by the bodyguards of the Revolutionary United Front (RUF)) leader Corporal Sankoh. SLPP arrested Foday Sankoh and he died mysteriously at the Pademba prisons.

In 2002, President Ahmed Tejan Kabbah declared the end of the eleven (11) years senseless civil war which claimed the lives of over 200,000 people. In 2002, we had a general elections and Ahmed Tejan Kabbah of the Sierra Leone People's Party emerged victorious and Ernest Bai Koroma of the All People's Congress party became minority leader in the house of Parliament. 

In 2007, general elections President Ernest Bai Koroma of the All People's Congress party locked horns with Mr Solomon Ekuma Berewa of the Sierra Leone People's Party, but Ernest Bai Koroma came out victorious after a second round of voting. 

In 2012 general elections Rtd. Brigadier Julius Madaa Bio of the Sierra Leone People's Party contested against His Excellency Ernest Bai Koroma of the All People's Congress party and lost to President Koroma in his second inning as President of the Republic of Sierra Leone. 

Now the 2018 General Elections has been made official by President Koroma and Sierra Leone voters are eagerly waiting to scrutinise the various political parties and their leaders to cast their votes. But all indications show the ruling APC party will win hands down. 



1958 -1980


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